Near the north of end of the south passage is a small recess in its west wall. The Grianan of Aileach (Irish: Grianán Ailigh, sometimes anglicised as Greenan Ely or Greenan Fort) is a hillfort atop the 244 m high Greenan Mountain at Inishowen in County Donegal, Ireland. Inside it has three terraces, which are linked by steps, and two long passages within it. Hotels near Grianan Of Aileach: (0.49 km) The Old Parochial House B&B (1.71 km) An Grianan Hotel (7.37 km) Bishop's Gate Hotel (7.43 km) Shipquay Boutique Hotel (8.22 km) Number 8 Guesthouse; View all hotels near Grianan Of Aileach on Tripadvisor These two wall-passages, one on the south and another from the northeast run towards the gateway, but stop short. Perhaps, this was the earlier hillfort that stood on the site before the cashel was built. There were pockets of settlement such as southwest Donegal. Aileach’s political and strategic importance was such that the annals report that it was attacked at least three times during its existence. From the fort, those that visit can enjoy panoramic views across the counties of Donegal, Derry and Tyrone, with particularly great views of Lough Swilly and Lough Foyle. On each side of the entranceway, there are "galleries" within the wall. The spectacular view stretches across three counties and over the sea inlets of the peninsula. In later historical times, Grianán of Aileach has been identified as the seat of the Kingdom of Ailech and was one of the Royal Sites of Gaelic Ireland. The outer wall is a dry-stone construction. Grianan was not just a religious site, but a superbly chosen strategic site, which offered superb views over Lough Foyle, Lough Swilly, and over the rolling countryside of the Inishowen Peninsula behind. Learn how your comment data is processed. Royal ringforts would have been surrounded by ringforts of a lower status. These characters are linked to the Formorians and therefore may be nothing more than mythological creations. It has been identified as the seat of the Kingdom of Ailech and one of the royal sites of Gaelic Ireland. There’s a generous amount of parking at the top of the hill, making An Grianan Fort easily accessible for most people, even those with limited mobility. It’s home to rescued animals including bears, wolves, lynx and eagles. This scenic drive stretches for 160km or 100 miles around Inishowen Peninsula. Some early texts refer to Aileach as metaphorically being the oldest building in Ireland. The fort was erected around the grave of his son Aedh who had been killed through jealousy by Corrgenn, a Connacht chieftain. You can take a drive or cycle along the route which takes in some of the peninsula’s most beautiful natural landscapes. The only building foundation in the fort, besides the walls, was that of the penal church. Inishowen Peninsula Private Tour. From there, you can wander around the complex and walk into the fort through the entrance openings at the base. Cashels (stone-built ringforts) tend to be much smaller than earthen examples. A building like Aileach. Lacy concludes that Aileach was inhabited by the northern Ui Néill dynasty from 789 to about 1050. However, Lacy's primary translation seems more plausible due to the name Aileach originally coming from Aileach Mór which is mentioned in the chronology section. Grianan Of Aileach sits atop a small rise at the base of the Inishowen Peninsula. All around in the house. He also puts forward the idea that a circular form was favoured because corners could act as a dwelling-place of evil spirits. The Grianan of Aileach (Grianán Ailigh) is a hill fort which is over 23 meters in diameter with surrounding earthworks and sits on top of Greenan Hill, 250m above sea level. I also have a back story which is interweaved with this beautiful place. The interior of the fort measures around 23m across with stone walls rising 5m high. Based on the written histories we know that this was the seat of the Ui Neill. It leads into the fort from the east. Hotele w pobliżu Grianan Of Aileach: (0.49 km) The Old Parochial House B&B (1.71 km) An Grianan Hotel (7.37 km) Bishop's Gate Hotel (7.43 km) Shipquay Boutique Hotel (8.22 km) Number 8 Guesthouse; Zobacz wszystkie hotele w pobliżu Grianan Of Aileach na stronie Tripadvisor Especially down into the Loughs below it.Perched 801 feet high on Greenan Mountain – the Northern Uí Néill who originally built on this spot could see into the neighbouring counties and would have provided an impressive defensive position against attack.Ringf… Helpful. It is linked to the Tuatha de Danann who invaded Ireland before the Celts and built stone forts on top of strategic hills. They ascend above each other creating levelled terraces. Date of experience: July 2018. Aileach's political and strategic importance was such that the annals report that it was attacked at least three times during its existence. The ring fort, which today sits on the hill (a 19th century reconstruction true to the original), is only the inner part of what was originally a much larger complex. The Grianan of Aileach is a hillfort atop the 244 metres (801 ft) high Greenan Mountain at Inishowen in County Donegal, Ireland. In the section on distribution, we saw that ringforts in Northwest Ulster were extremely rare. Share. Some of the upper parts of the wall have been cemented, probably to prevent falling stones. He does mention the finding of some fluted columns which may indicate that there was a stone structure within the fort walls. Theories accounting for the function of hillforts range from their use as defensive sites to ceremonial enclosures. Petrie's plan of the site shows a line of stones leading up to the entrance. 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