Small service lanes running "up the back of city blocks" (NCC 138) provided off-street loading zones and a location for "sewers and stormwater services" (ibid.). As all survey plans and land titles, held in the Lands and Survey Department, and owners' duplicates, held in bank vaults, had been destroyed in the earthquake / fire, a complete resurvey of Hawke's Bay was required (McGregor, 1998). Botanical Gardens and other Napier gardens, Marine Parade Outfall and Viewing Platform, Marewa Shopping Centre Safety Improvements, Tamatea/Parklands Controlled Water Area (CWA), Te Puawaitanga – Green Communities Together Fund, Support for homeowners affected by COVID-19, District Plan Review Discussion Documents. In the centre is the temporary hotel building erected on the old site. Almost 90 years on - the anniversary is February 3 - these survivors share their stories. April 8, 1931. Opened at McLean Park by the Governor General, Lord Bledisloe, the carnival's events included band contests, processions, race meetings and bowling tournaments (Campbell, 1975). By March 1932, nineteen new shops in Hastings Street and Tennyson Street were ready for occupation. The setting up of emergency services was greatly assisted by seamen from HMS Veronica, moored at West Quay at the time of the earthquake. Then, half a minute of calm and another violent shock with a downward movement, and more swaying and rocking (McGregor, 1998). In terms of loss of life (at least 256), it remains the worst civil disaster to have occurred in New Zealand. … In the early 'thirties the whole country was in the grip of the Depression, with many people on the East Coast of the North Island affected by falling prices for agricultural exports. Two and a half minutes after the first shock it was over. Consequently, many businessmen, already bound by heavy pre-quake mortgages found themselves unable to rebuild (McGregor, 1998). Centred 15 km north of Napier, it lasted for two and a half minutes and measured magnitude 7.8 Ms (magnitude 7.9 Mw). Meet the NZHistory.net.nz team, Ruins of the Napier nurses’ home following the earthquake (Alexander Turnbull Library, 1/2-002952-F), New Zealand disasters timeline – New Zealand disasters timeline, Hawke's Bay earthquake images – New Zealand disasters timeline, Hawke's Bay's big shake - roadside stories – New Zealand disasters timeline, National Tobacco Company Building – 100 New Zealand Places, Hawke's Bay earthquake (Hastings District Libraries), New Zealand disasters: Napier earthquake (Chch City Libraries), Hawke's Bay earthquake (1966 encyclopaedia), Napier severely damaged by 1931 earthquake. The official death toll for the Hawke’s Bay earthquake is 256 (161 in Napier, 93 in Hastings, two in Wairoa). However, there are 258 names on the earthquake memorial in Napier. Many of the deaths were caused by fallen parapets and ornamental features as people rushed out through the doorways onto the street (McGregor, 1998). 3 February Although some businesses had already re-established themselves, there was a real concern that hasty reconstruction would result in shoddy buildings and that the urgent clearing of debris might be hindered. Magnitudes: M W 7.4 - 7.6, M S 7.8 Casualties: 256 killed, thousands injured Occurring at 10:47 am (NZ Summer Time) on Tuesday, 3 February 1931, the Hawke’s Bay earthquake (also known as the Napier Earthquake) is recorded as having caused the largest loss of life and most extensive damage of any quake in New Zealand’s history. 3. Top: A view showing the cleared site of the well-known Masonic Hotel. Gwen worked as a cashier at Griffith's Shoe Shop in Hastings and was killed there by falling masonry in the earthquake on 03 February 1931. Some of the information available in this site is from the New Zealand Public domain and supplied by relevant We have 8 articles, related to Deadly Hawke's Bay earthquake. The morning of Tuesday, February 3rd 1931, dawned fine and bright at Napier. Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand This is an e… Buildings swayed violently, and their walls bulged and collapsed into the streets in avalanches of brick and masonry that crushed vehicles and people. graphics and images are protected by copyright, unless specifically notified to the contrary. The Napier 'quake killed at least 256 people, and the city was largely destroyed first by the tremor and then by fire. The Earthquake. Starting from the morning when the quake hit, the following entries provide facts, personal memories and photos. A member of a well known Newcastle family, Mr. Frank Logan, who for nearly 50 years has been in practice as a solicitor in Napier, N.Z., is among the sufferers by the recent earthquake disaster. Energies roughly equal to the detonation of 100 million tonnes of TNT was channelled down a moving slab of landscape - a 'rupture zone' - that ran directly below Napier and southwest across the Heretaunga plains. The 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, also known as the Napier earthquake, occurred in New Zealand at 10:47 am on Tuesday 3 February 1931, killing 256 and devastating the Hawke's Bay region.It remains New Zealand's deadliest natural disaster. A Government loan of £10,000 provided for the building of 32 temporary business premises in Clive Square and 22 professional offices in Memorial Square (Shaw and Hallett, 1987). Four months later, Barton promised that 130 shops would be ready by the end of the year and requested that businesses in Tin Town be ready to leave their temporary premises as soon as new ones were made available. were feeling New Zealand’s worst earthquake at 7.8 on the Richter scale. The earthquake ultimately had some positive outcomes: the 2.7-m uplift drained much of Ahuriri Lagoon, making land available for farms, industry, housing and Napier Airport; and much of central Napier was rebuilt in an art deco style which would begin to attract tourists half a century later. Able-bodied men were required to stay to help with searches, demolition and clean-up work. The M s 7.8 Hawke's Bay earthquake of 1931 February 3 (New Zealand local time) was felt throughout most of New Zealand andcaused extensive damage at Napier, Hastings, and throughout Hawke's Bay. Fires were everywhere" (NZH 6/2/1931 quoted in Wright, 2001:77). Portions of the information and material on this site, including data, pages, documents, online It remains New Zealand's deadliest natural disaster.Centred 15 km north of Napier, it lasted for two and a half minutes and measured magnitude 7.8 M s (magnitude 7.9 M w).There were 525 aftershocks recorded in the … These included: The street widening scheme already begun in Emerson Street extended to include Tennyson, Dickens, Dalton and Market Streets, and Cathedral Lane. The occurrence of "New Zealand's most destructive single disaster" (Wright, 2001) was to change everything for the city of Napier, from its topography to its architecture and lifestyle (McGregor, 1998). "The replacement or re-establishment of public, private or government institutions or departments, businesses [and] industries street widening, town planning, building [locations and] architectural design" (Campbell, 1975:149). Consequently, Napier's business district, from Tennyson Street to Dickens Street, was abandoned to the flames which, after destroying any remaining wooden structures, left the town looking like a bomb site (Wright, 2001). When is 3rd February 1931. The 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, also known as the Napier earthquake, occurred in New Zealand at 10:47 am on 3 February, killing 256 and devastating the Hawke's Bay region. Two naval cruisers arrived from Auckland on the 4th with medical personnel and supplies. Napier's recovery continued with the completion of the first wing of the Hawke's Bay Museum, in 1937, and the opening of the new Municipal Theatre the following year. © Napier City Council - www.napier.govt.nz / +64 6 835 7579 / info@napier.govt.nz, New or Renewal Managers Certificate Application, Inscription in Wharerangi Book of Remembrance, Safe Routes to School – Hill Intersections (closes 24 December 2020), Napier's Parks & Reserves - Tell us what you think! Ten days later, a huge 7.3 aftershock caused more damage. 1. The convoy was comprised of 4 officers and 27 men with 500 bell tents, 12,680 blankets, and equipment to set up a field kitchen able to cater for 1000 people in Nelson Park. With Napier’s hospitals badly damaged and unusable, medical authorities set up makeshift surgeries at the botanical gardens and Hastings and Napier Park racecourses. At 10.47am on 3 February 1931, a violent shock, followed closely by a second, rocked Hawke’s Bay for almost three minutes. Another witness, looking up Emerson Street the following morning, noted that all one could see "was a vast ruin, with people everywhere looking at the destruction. This was exacerbated by summer drought conditions (McGregor, 1998). NAPIER EARTHQUAKE 1931. While every endeavour has been taken by the Napier City Council to ensure that the information on this website is Land movement in many areas had rendered survey pegs meaningless, and consequently, new regulations under the Hawke's Bay Earthquake Act were gazetted on 23 June 1932. The 8.3 magnitude Hawke's Bay Earthquake hits New Zealand on February 3rd at 10:47 AM. Meanwhile, fires started in two chemist shops on Hastings Street - those of W.R. Henderson and A. Hobson. Power and telephone lines were also placed underground in a bid to improve the town's appearance (Campbell, 1975). At 10.47am, 85 years ago today (3 February 1931) a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck the bustling city of Napier, and surrounding areas, in Hawke's Bay. Built in 1929, the two-storey bungalow that survived the 1931 Napier earthquake was left dangerously close to the edge of a large, muddy bank. A special reporter sent by the New Zealand Herald on the day of the earthquake reached Napier at night to find "a city of the dead, except for the glow of a land fire, and the lights of ships" (NZH quoted in Wright, 2001:83). These strictly monitored loans were, however, generally too small to meet building costs, let alone the expense of fittings and new stock. 4. As buildings began to disintegrate, many people fled outdoors into a lethal rain of chunks from ornate facades, parapets and cornices. It woke me up it was an alarm clock for Napier today." Captain Morgan at first thought there had been an explosion on board, but then saw th… 50 THE AUCKLAND WEEKLY NEWS. Externally sourced One council was replaced by commissioners and the other stuck with its elected members. The street with the most "outstanding example of movement" was Georges Drive (ibid.). The 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, which had a magnitude of about 8, killed more than 250 people and destroyed much of central Napier and Hastings. On 8 April The Hawke's Bay Earthquake Act was passed, providing statutory assistance to the region (Wright, 2001). All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. 5. government agencies. Burials of the dead also began in both Napier and Hastings. Napier Earthquake 1931 The Napier earthquake occurred at 10:47am on Tuesday, 3 February 1931. These cover not just the earthquake but the fires which came shortly afterwards, the aftershocks, the notable buildings destroyed, the lives lost, the rescue work and the rebuilding effortinvolved. the earth heaved upwards and swayed (McGregor, 1998). Commander H. L. Morgan was informed on the King’s Birthday, June 3rd 1931, that he had been made a Companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George, in recognition of his services at the Napier earthquake. Buildings fell down and people were crushed. Applications for shops far exceeded the number available so occupants were selected by ballot (Campbell, 1975). In Hastings, 17 people died when Roach’s department store collapsed, and eight when the front of the Grand Hotel fell into the main street. Having been impressed by a coloured fountain in Bournemouth, menswear retailer Tom Parker donated a similar one which was completed in December 1936. Fire broke out in Napier’s business district shortly after the earthquake, and once the reservoir was emptied, firefighters were powerless. Clouds of choking white powdery dust rose into the air from crumbled mortar and shattered concrete (McGregor, 1998; Wright, 2001). The act provided loans for companies (excepting national companies or those with head offices outside Hawke's Bay) and individuals, to assist them to rebuild. Shelley and Ursula stand in front of land that used to be a lagoon until it was uplifted during the 1931 Napier earthquake. (closes 28 February 2021), Public Notice of Application Resource Consent, Rates Remission for flood affected ratepayers. This site is produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. The Mayor of Palmerston North advised the newly formed Napier Citizens' Control Committee that his borough would house 5,000 in a relief centre. 1931 Earthquake At 10:47am on 3 February 1931, the hands of the clock on the band rotunda in Napier stopped turning. It was over in a few moments and I climbed back to the concrete. These sites show how the landscape of the region has been forever altered. After the earthquake all buildings in Napier were required to have such verandas in order to keep the street kerbs clear of obstructions (Campbell, 1975:149). 200. 200. In the years leading up to the outbreak of WWII, the Napier Thirty Thousand Club played a leading role in the development of Marine Parade, raising funds for the Sound Shell, the outer Colonnade, the skating rink and the Memorial Arches. Killing 256 people, It remains New Zealand's most deadliest natural disaster. Quite the same Wikipedia. Together with Borough Council funds, the club contributed to the Sunbay, or seaward Colonnade, where the bell of the H.M.S. Refugee camps were created around the North Island for women and children, who were encouraged to leave the region. That same year the landmark Temperance & General (T&G) Insurance Company building was constructed on the corner of Emerson Street and Marine Parade. But it was different for people nearby in Hastings and Napier. On the morning of 3 February 1931, the air 'had grown still and oppressive' and the sea was 'so calm and still' and a 'most peculiar colour', so much that everyone was talking about it (Wright, 2001). When the earthquake, measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale, struck at 10.47 a.m., many buildings in central Napier and Hastings collapsed. The Borough Council set the ball rolling by dismantling the first row of its own buildings and shops in Memorial Square (Campbell, 1975). The cities that were worst effected included Napier and Hastings. On February 3rd, 1931, Ruth McNab and the children . Dec 12, 2013 - Highlights from the Photographic Collection of the 1931 Hawke's Bay Earthquake. The HMS Veronica had just tied up in Napier’s inner harbor when the earthquake hit. Nevertheless, it gave me a feeling of insecurity and a peculiar sickening sensation which must be experienced to be understood. Occupying the entire block between Hastings and Market Streets on the southern side of Tennyson Street, the new building was seen as "a statement of faith in Napier's future" (McGregor, 1998:40). Transcript. The conditions were favourable for the spread of fire in that it was a hot, fine day following a dry spell of weather. No work was too dangerous for the "bluejackets". Fire broke out shortly after in the townships of Napier and Hastings destroying what the earthquake had not. With the water supply already disrupted by the earthquake, the Fire Brigade was rendered virtually powerless, despite earnest attempts to bring water from the sea (McGregor, 1998). People ran down It lasted for 2 and a half minutes and measured 7.8 on the Richter scale. They acted as firemen, took part in demolition work, cooked meals for refugees, were food distributors, water carriers, tractor drivers, bullion guards, policeman, searched for the dead and carried bodies to the morgues, carried out sanitation work, and even acted as nurses in the hospitals. Residential kerbside rubbish collections are changing. While some Napier townsfolk were sheltering in tents on the Marine Parade beach and other open spaces (Wright, 2001), the tent town in Nelson Park served as the official evacuation centre for Napier (McGregor, 1998). At 7.00 a.m. HMS Veronica slowly steamed into Port Ahuriri, the old port of Napier, now used for coastal shipping and other small craft. Nine students died in the wreckage of Napier Technical College and seven at the Marist Seminary in Greenmeadows. Alvin looks at old sea shells that were once underwater before being uplifted during the 1931 Napier earthquake. Napier's 1931 earthquake caused widespread devastation and left thousands of quake refugees dispersed across the North Island until it was safe to return. Letter from Frank Logan to Newcastle post the earthquake. Food depots were set up in Napier at Carlyle Street school; the Hastings Street school; Miss Beharrell's school on Bluff Hill; on Napier Terrace and at Ahuriri. At almost 10:47a.m. accurate and up to date, Napier City Council shall not be liable for any loss suffered through the use, directly or indirectly, of information on this website. The HMS Veronicahad just tied up in Napier’s inner harbour when the earthquake hit. The 7.8-magnitude quake was followed by fires which gutted central Napier. On February 3, 1931, an earthquake centred near coastal Aropaoanui, 12km north of Napier, turned Hawkes Bay into a virtual war zone. On 17 February, a moratorium was placed on the rebuilding of any business premises until further notice, in order to allow time for the rational planning of a new CBD for Napier (McGregor, 1998). 2. Only then could the task of clearing Napier begin in earnest. The shock brought down … Kitchens were set up at the Hastings Street, Marine Parade (for government officials only) and the Ahuriri Centres (Wright, 2001). Of those who were allotted places, some were less than happy with their positioning. An edited sample only. NAPIER AFTER THE 1931 EARTHQUAKE. Bridges and railway lines were broken and bent. HAWKE'S BAY EARTHQUAKE TUESDAY 03 FEBRUARY 1931 NAPIER, HAWKE'S BAY, NEW ZEALAND. Flames gutted almost 11 blocks of central Napier, killing people who were still trapped. Just days before the opening of Tin Town, retired magistrate John S. Barton and retired engineer Lachlan B. Campbell, formerly of the Public Works Department, were appointed Commissioners of Napier with the task of restoring services (Wright, 2001). Initially, women and children were to be sent while the men were expected to stay and help out (Shaw and Hallett, 1987). A huge piece of land that . The occurrence of "New Zealand's most destructive single disaster" (Wright, 2001) was to change everything for the city of Napier, from its topography to its architecture and lifestyle (McGregor, 1998). Events What is 161? In addition to these efforts, the officers and men of the NZ Naval Squadron also made a generous donation subscribing to a special relief fund in the amount of £530 (H.B. Archival audio: Gordon Amner recalls the 1931 Hawkes Bay earthquake. It was a typical summer morning in this town noted for its long hours of sunshine. From these shops the fire spread into adjoining buildings, and by mid afternoon, the town was completely ablaze. Surface deformation accompanying the earthquake resulted in a >90 km long, 17 km wide asymmetric dome trending northeast and extending from southwest of Hastings to northeast of the Mohaka River … 1905, All Blacks' non-try hands Wales historic win, Home The official death toll was 256. Erected by the Fletcher Construction Company, and popularly referred to as Tin Town, the extensive corrugated iron complex opened on 16 March 1931. Effects On The People Effects On This was exacerbated by summer drought conditions (McGregor, 1998). Administered by the Lands Department, these "were designed to overcome difficulties about boundaries of properties which [had] been moved by the earthquake" (NCC, Report of Committee of Management: p.16). In 1931 Napier and Hastings faced reconstruction after the massive earthquake. Rescue parties, boosted by sailors and soldiers, worked desperately to reach those trapped in wrecked buildings. New Zealand disasters timeline – New Zealand disasters timelineHawke's Bay earthquake images – New Zealand disasters timelineHawke's Bay's big shake - roadside stories – New Zealand disasters timelineNational Tobacco Company Building – 100 New Zealand Places, 'Deadly Hawke's Bay earthquake', URL: https://nzhistory.govt.nz/hawkes-bay-earthquake-0, (Ministry for Culture and Heritage), updated 5-Oct-2020. Erected "in record time", it was the first of the temporary buildings to appear in Napier after the earthquake (Campbell, 1975). Some of the greatest tragedies occurred as a result of collapsed masonry buildings - brick being the deadliest of materials in an earthquake - resulting in many deaths inside the Nurses' Home on the Hill, the 'old people's home', and the Technical College near Clive Square where 9 pupils were killed (H.B. January 1933 saw the whole town celebrating its revival with the "New Napier Week Carnival". Napier City Council cannot accept any liability for its accuracy or content. New Zealand's most devastating earthquake killed more than 250 and destroyed Napier and Hastings in February 1931. A tanker at sea felt a violent vibration, and the seamen on board looked to the shore to see Napier covered by a cloud of rising dust. Fifteen died at an old men’s home near Taradale, where rescuers pulled a 91-year-old alive from the rubble three days later. THE NAPIER EARTHQUAKE of 1931 with photos Napier 1931 Earthquake another list of names some with notes & bios. We mourn the passing of Mr Robinson on Xmas day 2010. Information contained has been assembled in good faith. Another similar block, housing the Associated Banks, was built on the gardens adjacent to St Patrick's Church (McGregor, 1998). Captain Morgan at first thought there had been an explosion on the boat, but saw the wharf shaking and houses and other buildings crumbling down. In Na… As Napier's largest building it stood as a symbol, not only for the region's recovery from the earthquake but also from the great depression itself (Campbell, 1975; McGregor, 1998). When did the eathquake happen and what was the population. With Barton acting as chief administrator and town planner and Campbell in charge of engineering works, Napier would be under their control until the election of a new Borough Council on 15 May, 1933 (Campbell, 1975; McGregor, 1998). When the Commissioners began the restoration of the CBD, they consulted the Napier Reconstruction Committee, an organisation with representatives from local authorities, business and the professions, whose job was to investigate numerous reconstruction needs. Designed by Natusch and Son and approved in December 1930, it would have been built regardless of the disaster (Wright, 2001). Shortly after 10.45am on Tuesday the 3rd February 1931 an earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter scale struck the Hawke's Bay area on the east coast of the North Island of New Zealand. On the same day the army set up a tent camp for 2500 people. EARTHQUAKE-SHATTERED NAPIER TO BE REBUILT: PHOTOGRAPHS TAKEN IN THE HAWKE’S BAY CAPITAL LAST WEEK. See more ideas about Earthquake, Hawke's bay, Bay. Also began in both Napier and Hastings minutes and measured 7.8 on the Richter scale were! Today. 7.3 magnitude aftershock that contributed to the heavy damage in the town on Xmas day 2010 moments I... 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