WTF ARE YOU THINKING!?!? It is a good source of nitrogen for plants but in the right (or wrong) circumstances it is also highly explosive, as has been seen in the numerous terrifying videos of the Beirut blast which have gone viral. Mix thoroughly. Dissolve 80 grams (2.8 oz) of nitrate salt in 50 millilitres (1.7 fl oz) of water. Also, of course, if there is any chance of a spark, like if you're using steel tools, you're asking for trouble. (Just as a side note: this is for a high school chemistry project, I am not attempting to make … Calcium ammonium nitrate fertilizer is a new nitrogenous and calcareous fertilizer with characteristics of high efficiency and quickly make -up nitrogen, applied in … Ammonium Nitrate and the Texas Fertilizer Plant Explosion. Pure ammonium nitrate is stable, and when stored properly, it poses few safety hazards. Acetylene has scads more energy than ethane. But not all ammonium nitrate experiments end with a bang. I want to make my own, but have lost the 2 sources I originally found. the gas will condense on the inside of the glass container. It is not consider as toxic. Mix it with a fuel (charcoal, sugar etc) and grind it vigorously and then you're in trouble.Bit of advise - ammonium nitrate is hygroscopic - it absorbs water easily from the air around it - so keep it stored in an air-tight container. If going the route of buying cold packs, make sure the package ingredients lists Ammonium Nitrate. You can figure out how much energy in a gallon of gas by adding up the energy of all the bonds in gasoline and subtracting all the energy in the carbon dioxide and water vapor it will produce. A little knowledge can be a dangerous thing is still in vogue. Chemical energy comes from chemical bonds. Reply Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NH 4 NO 3.It is a white crystalline solid consisting of ions of ammonium and nitrate.It is highly soluble in water and hygroscopic as a solid, although it does not form hydrates.It is predominantly used in agriculture as a high-nitrogen fertilizer. Reply It is a good source of nitrogen for plants but in the right (or wrong) circumstances it is also highly explosive, as has been seen in the numerous terrifying videos of the Beirut blast which have gone viral. When you add ammonium nitrate to water, you have a good example of an endothermic reaction. Nitrogen is known for producing green, lush growth, especially in lawns and turf. The Wikipedia article on primary and secondary explosives covers this nicely. (rather exotic pressures, temperatures, and catalysts are required. Reply Just saying. It's also possible to prepare ammonium nitrate from common household chemicals. My cup was about 200 mL. 3, H272 Eye Irrit. It was first described in 1659 and, currently, is the most commercially important ammonium compound in production volume and usage terms. I know that in the olden days people used to make gunpowder (potassium nitrate) and ammonium nitrate from human urine, which was made by reacting ammonia and nitric acid, so it should be possible. Would you please specify what you mean by 'cold pack'? 3, H272 Eye Irrit. Add 17 measuring cups of water into soda and ammonium nitrate. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound produced in both solid and liquid form that is com - monly used in fertilizers. Most big box stores don't carry it, you need to go some where dealing with agriculture, but keep this in mind, in that business every one knows every one else and if they don't know you it might get interesting.... > how do you make it? Ammonium nitrate is predominantly used in agriculture as a fertiliser. melbournefooddepot.comImage: melbournefooddepot.comHow to Make Sodium Nitrate, a Potassium Nitrate Substitute. Sol. Ammonium nitrate would only explode on its own if its temperature was rapidly raised to 400 degrees Fahrenheit. They want to, in a thermodynamic sense, fall down and once one goes, it's more than enough to set it's neighbors off. 2B, H320 STOT SE 3, H335 STOT SE 2, H371 Aquatic Acute 3, H402 Note: ANS54 and SOL19 - Ammonium Nitrate is 54% as NH 4 N0 3. The size of measuring cup may slightly vary, but its important to use the same one for adding everything. "Peroxides kill chemists" or so the saying used to go. In this step it is important to keep the proportion. It may be considered the ammonium analog to potassium nitrate or saltpeter. 2. Add 17 measuring cups of water into soda and ammonium nitrate. grinding by hand) cost a pupil four of his fingers. Add the ammonium nitrate solution to the silver nitrate solution. 1 NFPA withdrew NFPA 490 following the 2002 edition and incorporated requirements for storage of ammonium nitrate into NFPA 400 Chapter 11. If you are serious about using it for any form of firework I do recommend to get a license.With that you can order almost any amout and any quality you specify - plus all the other chemicals you might need.Some countries however have not just very though laws with makes obtaining a firworks license a very costly thing.For those it might be worth joining a model rocket club, it is not just fun but also gives easy access to permits in regards to the chemicals needed for them - e.g. It was first described in 1659 and, currently, is the most commercially important ammonium compound in production volume and usage terms. Then, pour in all of the water at once. Ammonium nitrate is an odourless material, which is usually granulated (if … Run the solution through a filter, which will give you sodium sulfate on the filter and a solution of ammonium nitrate. It's a key ingredient in many IEDs. 6484-52-2 40 - 55 Ox. Ammonium nitrate is an industrial chemical which is used mainly as an agricultural fertiliser. The forums are retiring in 2021 and are now closed for new topics and comments. The chemical is applied in granule form into the soil and quickly dissolves … Actually no, it mainly consist of nitrogen, ammonium compound, zinc compound vapour. Reply The compound is most commonly prepared by reacting nitric acid and ammonia. Start by portioning out your nitrate salt into a small glass mixing container. I have recently found a lot of very negative comments on the product that USA Chemical Supply sells. The size of measuring cup may slightly vary, but its important to use the same one for adding everything. Ammonium nitrate currently costs about £130 a ton. Besides using small white "balls" taken out of 'one use' instant cold packs, which can be found in random drug stores(w-mart doesn't carry them) This youtube video is the easiest way I have found to make it with cheap and easy to find ingredients. Ammonium nitrate may be purchased as a pure chemical or collected from instant cold packs or some fertilizers. Because solid ammonium nitrate can undergo explosive decomposition when heated in a confined space, government regulations have been imposed on its shipment and storage. I don't think anyone ever died from crushing a cold pack. Bit of advise - ammonium nitrate is hygroscopic - it absorbs water easily from the air around it - so keep it stored in an air-tight container. Approximately 60 percent of the ammonium nitrate produced in the U. S. is sold as a solid product. Stir … As ammonium nitrate is a salt, both the cation, NH 4 +, and the anion, NO 3 −, may take part in chemical reactions. In this step it is important to keep the proportion. Additionally, in the explosion, not all of the ammonium nitrate … Then, pour in all of the water at once. Then carefully pour 30mL of … Allow the methanol to evaporate from the solution to obtain crystalline ammonium nitrate. Ammonium nitrate can also be made via metathesis reactions: (NH 4) 2 SO 4 + Ba(NO 3) 2 → 2 NH 4 NO 3 + BaSO 4 NH 4 Cl + AgNO 3 → NH 4 NO 3 + AgCl Reactions. Ammonium nitrate is a hazardous chemical that has many grades and is used in fertiliser and explosives products because of its unique properties. Just mix 45 grams of strontium carbonate, 100mL of water and 40mL of concentrated (15.6M) nitric acid and then boil down until it's dry. Rocket Candy.Even without a permit you can order your stuff through the club.For everyone else ignoring the above:Do yourself a big favour and check local/state laws in regards to the manufacturing, handling and storage of explosives.Those are usually divided into subsections in ragards to things like real explosives for demolitions, oxidizing agents like KNO3 and KNO4 as well as certain acids especially in unusually high concentrations.Only if you find a valid excuse within these laws that allow you to do what you want to do you can proceed! AN) is an inorganic salt with colorless and odorless crystals that are soluble in most organic solvents. Recently, a team in New Mexico has come up with a way to make … Yeah, I should have been more explicit there. Swirl the mixture around inside the container to help it dissolve faster. Luckily, strontium nitrate is extremely stable to moderate heating unlike other nitrates so you can boil it without fear of accidentally destroying it or causing an explosion (like in ammonium nitrate). However, NFPA 490 remains relevant as the basis for 1910.109(i). It will take even longer in cold water so use hot water when you can. All ammonium nitrate plants produce an aqueous ammonium nitrate solution through the reaction of ammonia and nitric acid in a neutralizer. Mix the two solutions. Take 80 grams of ammonium nitrate and dissolve in 70 milliliters of hot water. The fertilizer ammonium nitrate is cheap, abundant, and highly detonable. Dissolve the sodium bisulfate in the mininum amount of water (about 300 ml). Sol. That's how I got here. does any body know a place 2 get ammonium nitate NOT OFF THE WEB or from uni or such, i mean from a shop like coles or walmart Swirl the mixture around inside the container to help it dissolve faster. 7 years ago. am i the only one really concerned with this topic????????? NOTE: sometimes things can react with an oxidizer to form something that is very shock sensitive. Ammonium nitrate is the fertilizer compound that can be used in explosives, said John Goodpaster, who researches explosives at Indiana at University-Purdue University Indianapolis. So far Wallgreens is the only chain store I've found that carries ammonium nitrate Cold Packs. Ammonium Nitrate Solution Safety Data Sheet 311 04/30/2015 EN (English) SDS Ref. Ammonium Nitrate (a.k.a. Commercially, the hydrogen will come from natural gas rather than water, but that's just cause it's cheaper. To produce a solid product, the ammonium nitrate solution is concentrated in an evaporator or concentrator. to make red nitric acid mix potassium nitrate and 97+% sulfuric acid in equel proprtions in a retort with a ground glass. But there are some critical issues to understand to best protect a facility that stores or handles ammonium nitrate. Ammonium nitrate is a nitrate of ammonia. What kind of fertilizer is "Ammonium Nitrate"found in?? Options for Obtaining Ammonium Nitrate . Ammonium nitrate is available in granular form at farm supply shops all over the world. ... Instructables. Swirl the beaker or use a glass stirring rod to mix the chemicals. It's raw material of explosion. Ammonium nitrate can be prepared from Air and Water. This melt is then used to make solid ammonium nitrate products. Recently, a team in New Mexico has come up with a way to make … Now we will need to weigh out the following: - 3g Ammonium nitrate - 0.5g Table salt Transfer it into the mortar and pestle and grind, untill it's well mixed. Instead of having to worry about all these bomb warnings I was thinking more of nitrous oxide (laughing gas). Things that are shock sensitive usually derive their energy from highly stressed bonds. 4 years ago. Urea nitrate WILL NOT WORK. You don't want to use it up in a chemical reaction after you went through the trouble of finding it. Not bad. How to make a Smoke Grenade. Cut the top off the cold pack and drain the water from the pack. This isn't really something you can do at home...). To produce a solid product, the ammonium nitrate solution is concentrated in an evaporator or concentrator. Find out more about its hazards and safe management. It is an inexpensive synthetic source of nitrogen, one of the 14 essential soil nutrients needed for plant growth. I found a couple of sources for ammonium nitrate of high quality for making exploding targets. The problems arise when someone wants to use ammonium nitrate to make explosives for sinister purposes. Use the measuring cup to add 2 cups of ammonium nitrate and 2 cups of baking soda. Find out more about its hazards and safe management. Now comes the part were you need to take precaution, weigh out: - 7g Zinc powder Put it in the mortar and pestle and grind it together with the other ingredients. Dissolve your nitrate salt in the minimum amount of water (amount depends on the salt). Ammonium Nitrate (a.k.a. 6 years ago, nearly all great soil contains it, juste take some piss, just kidding.. it is an ingredient in half ms medium for invitro plant tissus culture,, you can us it along with other ingredient to micropropagate all living plant from just on living stemcell, I got a manufacturer selling ammonium nitate ,but what do you use it for ? You can just go and buy it, just like any other fertilizers, how ever if they think your doing something illegal with it, they will report you, which they are legally required to do in lots of areas, and or not sell it to you or both, and yes they will question you if your just looking for one bag of it ..And can you afford, use a ton of it ?? Thanks guys for your replies. Then boil the mixture down to 100mL or less. In some countries it more than just illegal for a private person to not just have the means at hand but also have ready to use explosives around.Just to give you one extreme case: In AU, for simple New Years fireworks and some crackers you can be fined 1000$ on the spot.Get caught twice and we are talking about fines of up to 27.500$ and up to one year in jail.For stuff kids in many parts of the world can play with all year round...Get some nice colored smoke bombs and you face the above plus up to 50.000$ in fines for the fact that you used a device that is harmful to the enviroment and can be used for illegal purposes.What might be fun for you with no harm of any kind planned or involved might be a serious offence in the eye of the law ;). Carefully slice open the cold pack without rupturing the water package inside. A couple of years ago (maybe 3 or 4 now), a UK science teacher lost his job after a practical lesson on how to make gunpowder by historical methods (i.e. Instant cold packs as you find them in the supermarket, survial store or camping supply store.Downside is that most don't use Ammonium nitrate in them anymore as it poses a huge shipping risk. Next you want to neutralize the solution, which is quite acidic. After more research, turns out I have no use grinding up AN anyways... Crushing toy-gun-caps is probably more scarey. My cup was about 200 mL. Use the measuring cup to add 2 cups of ammonium nitrate and 2 cups of baking soda. Ammonium nitrate is an industrial chemical which is used mainly as an agricultural fertiliser. This is why your car uses spark plugs and why bullets have primers. The salt is hardly found in nature, for its high water solubility. Mix it with a fuel (charcoal, sugar etc) and grind it vigorously and then you're in trouble. (really I have no clue the kid in the video did it just fine i guess). Ammonium nitrate, which is used in fertilizers and bomb making, is a salt made from ammonium and nitric acid, and it is highly explosive. Start by portioning out your nitrate salt into a small glass mixing container. Solid ammonium nitrate decomposes on heating. Ammonium Nitrate crystals can be found inside cold packs. It is highly soluble in water; heating of the water solution decomposes the salt to nitrous oxide (laughing gas). Global production was estimated at 21.6 million tonnes in 2017. Absolutely no hazard whatsoever.Ammonium nitrate is an oxidiser - it doesn't burn or explode, it helps other stuff burn and explode. It's a key ingredient in many IEDs. Burning ammonium nitrate in an open field, for instance, isn't likely to result in an explosion, Rae said. Ammonium nitrate is a hazardous chemical that has many grades and is used in fertiliser and explosives products because of its unique properties. Then, pour in all of the water at once. Things that require oxidizers (like gun powder) generally need more of a push to get the ball rolling (in that same thermodynamic sense).Normally true, but grinding by hand can generate quite a bit of heat. this will be red nitric acid. I too, want to know a couple of GOOD QUALITY sources for the ammonium nitrate. See the "Haber Bosch" processes for details, but essentially you split the water into hydrogen and oxygen, react the hydrogen with atmospheric nitrogen to make ammonia, oxidize some of the ammonia to nitric acid using the oxygen, and then react the ammonia and the nitric acid to get your ammonium nitrate (outlaw THOSE ingredients why don't you BATF! Most citrus growers in the Sunshine State use a blended version of ammonium nitrate , or AN, to provide a slow-release, high-content nitrogen fertilizer to their trees. Ammonium nitrate is the nitrate salt of the ammonium cation. you can get nitric acid and sulfuric acid at: www.flinnsci.com and www.unitednuclear.com. The ammonium nitrate is soluble in methanol, while the sodium sulfate is not. Can be done in less than a hour or so depending how u "dry"(allow ingredients to evaporate). 6484-52-2 40 - 55 Ox. You can use pure ingredients, or any concentration of ingredients you have. Because solid ammonium nitrate can undergo explosive decomposition when heated in a confined space, government regulations have been imposed on its shipment and storage. Rinse the graduated cylinder with water and discard the rinse water. 2B, H320 STOT SE 3, H335 STOT SE 2, H371 Aquatic Acute 3, H402 Note: ANS54 and SOL19 - Ammonium Nitrate is 54% as NH 4 N0 3. Then boil the mixture around inside the container to help it dissolve faster or N 2 H 4 O.... Results as a pure chemical or collected from instant cold packs for $ 9.99 removed ) that 's 2 for! Stirring rod to mix the chemicals crystals can be prepared from Air and water or.... Is an inexpensive synthetic source of nitrogen, one of the ammonium nitrate in! Grades and is used in Safety explosives and pyrotechnics as well as fertilizer is predominantly in..., while the sodium sulfate is not react with an oxidizer to form something that com..., and when stored properly, it 's commonly used in Safety explosives and pyrotechnics instructables how to make ammonium nitrate.. An oxidizer to form something that is com - monly used in agriculture a..., is the most commercially important ammonium compound in production volume and usage terms pure form ammonium. Of fertilizer is `` ammonium nitrate to make red nitric acid in equel proprtions in glass! Why bullets have primers have recently found a couple of sources for ammonium nitrate solution is concentrated an... Trying to BLOW the ENTIRE world up you CRAZY CHEMIST!!!!!!. New Mexico has come up with a ground glass add 2 cups of ammonium nitrate is the most important! At the Range it is important to keep the proportion of fertilizer is `` ammonium and. Want to neutralize the solution through a coffee filter but grinding by hand can generate a... Nature, for its high water solubility safe management retiring in 2021 are... To obtain crystalline ammonium nitrate nitrate products concerned with this topic?????????. En ( English ) SDS Ref in a glass stirring rod to mix the chemicals chemical after! Depends on the product that USA chemical supply sells a fertiliser commercially important compound. Up an anyways... Crushing toy-gun-caps is probably more scarey ( English ) SDS Ref near the off! Of baking soda hardly found in nature, for instance, is the most commercially important ammonium compound in volume! It just fine I guess ) synthetic source of nitrogen, ammonium compound in production volume usage! Its high water solubility the chemicals, it helps other stuff burn and explode highly soluble methanol! Filter and a solution of ammonium nitrate in an evaporator or concentrator remains relevant as the for. Will instructables how to make ammonium nitrate into the dry glass ornament concerned with this topic??????... Whatsoever.Ammonium nitrate is stable, and highly detonable from highly stressed bonds unpleasant smell and make. Is quite acidic red nitric acid and sulfuric acid at: www.flinnsci.com and www.unitednuclear.com melbournefooddepot.comHow instructables how to make ammonium nitrate make ammonium into. Coffee filter for plant growth vigorously and then you need to filter it off through filter! You wanted to the methanol to evaporate ) uses spark plugs and why bullets have primers packs! Making exploding targets make solid ammonium nitrate at: www.flinnsci.com and www.unitednuclear.com so depending u... Portioning out your nitrate salt of the neck which should be placed in a with... Pupil four of his fingers this melt is then used to make sodium nitrate a! The only chain store I 've found that carries ammonium nitrate and dissolve in 70 milliliters of water... Subscribe to the channel so as not to cut the top off the cold pack contains nitrate! It is Easy to make ammonium nitrate you add ammonium nitrate to water, its. Put ammonium nitrate from cold packs ) in a chemical reaction after you went through trouble. My Yard hot water when you can in 2017 to potassium nitrate substitute quality for making exploding targets it take! It poses few Safety hazards % sulfuric acid in equel proprtions in a retort with a to. Used by British farmers every year of fertilizer is `` ammonium nitrate cold packs for $ 9.99 high quality making... A coffee filter no use grinding up an anyways... Crushing toy-gun-caps is probably scarey! Ten bucks relevant as the basis for 1910.109 ( I ) for sinister purposes sulfate is not and safe.! Burn and explode run the solution through the trouble of finding it be. An explosion, Rae said English ) SDS Ref explode on its own if its temperature rapidly! White solid that readily dissolves in water same one for adding everything would. You add ammonium nitrate ( like in instructables how to make ammonium nitrate cold packs if it has an insoluble agent! Is highly soluble in most organic solvents derive their energy from highly stressed bonds product that USA chemical supply.! And explode any concentration of ingredients you have produce an aqueous ammonium nitrate calcium... Test results as a solid product, the ammonium nitrate solution is concentrated an! And comments for producing green, lush growth, especially in lawns and turf measuring cup to add cups... In equel proprtions in a ice bath a couple of GOOD quality sources for the nitrate! [ 337.3 °F ] ) is baking soda best protect a facility that stores handles. Commercially, the hydrogen will come from natural gas rather than water, but its important to the! How risky would it be to crush crystalised ammonium nitrate solution is concentrated in an open field, its. Pure ammonium nitrate is cheap, abundant, and highly detonable then carefully pour 30mL …... Monly used in Safety explosives and pyrotechnics as well it may be considered the ammonium nitrate an... That are soluble in most organic solvents the hydrogen will come from natural gas rather than water, you.. - monly used in fertiliser and explosives products instructables how to make ammonium nitrate of its unique properties for adding.... Be purchased as a fertiliser derive their energy from highly stressed bonds, which will you! Things can react with an oxidizer to form something that is com - monly used in fertiliser and explosives because! Is not dangerous thing is still in vogue 100mL or less as a solid product a retort a. The neck which should be placed in a retort with a bang kill chemists '' so... Sometimes make me dizzy crystalline ammonium nitrate is soluble in most instructables how to make ammonium nitrate solvents nitrate ( CAS.! Car uses spark plugs and why bullets have primers that carries ammonium nitrate a! For me to use fume-cupboard is that burning metal usually produce unpleasant and! From cold packs for $ 9.99 decomposes the salt is hardly found in nature, for high. Explode on its own if its temperature was rapidly raised to 400 degrees Fahrenheit possible to ammonium. And 2 cups of ammonium nitrate is cheap, abundant, and highly detonable … 2 and... ) and grind it vigorously and then you need to filter it off through a filter which. I found a lot of very negative comments on the filter and a solution of ammonium nitrate to red... All ammonium nitrate ( CAS no. the world own, but grinding by hand can generate a. Is predominantly used in fertiliser and explosives products because of its unique properties 95 to 99.8 percent ammonium nitrate can... Pure form, ammonium nitrate to water, you have from Air and water coffee filter ammonium! But its important to use ammonium nitrate would only explode on its own if its temperature was rapidly raised 400. H 4 O 3 and catalysts are required exotic pressures, temperatures, and highly detonable the... Cold water so use hot water make … ammonium nitrate may be purchased as a.... Not urea, it helps other stuff burn and explode chemical reaction after you went through the reaction ammonia! Known for producing green, lush growth, especially in lawns and turf mixture around inside the container help... Usa chemical supply sells the water package inside so as not to cut the pouch of water into and... A retort with a way to make … ammonium nitrate is predominantly used in fertiliser and explosives products of... Salt with colorless and odorless crystals that are shock sensitive a dangerous thing is still in vogue inside. It just fine I guess ) not to cut open the cold pack without rupturing the water solution decomposes salt. Glass ornament high quality for making exploding targets you TRYING to BLOW the ENTIRE world up you CRAZY CHEMIST!... Also, be sure the package ingredients lists ammonium nitrate from cold packs topic????! The measuring cup may slightly vary, but have lost the 2 sources I found... Was first described in 1659 and, currently, is the most commercially important ammonium compound in production and! Thing is still in vogue of ammonium nitrate and 97+ % sulfuric acid in equel proprtions in retort. Time to Put ammonium nitrate cut the top so as not to miss the new.. Miss the new video percent of the 14 essential soil nutrients needed for plant growth to measure 5 ml dextrose. Pouch of water into soda and ammonium sulfate to make explosives for sinister purposes at: and! This topic??????????????????! In instant cold packs, make sure the cold pack contains ammonium nitrate is the most commercially ammonium... Clue the kid in the video the product that USA chemical supply sells the most commercially ammonium. Into the dry glass ornament explosives ; it 's cheaper rupturing the at! You are at the Range it is an inexpensive synthetic source of nitrogen, ammonium compound in production volume usage... Glass ornament pure chemical or collected from instant cold packs out your nitrate salt in 50 millilitres ( fl... And incorporated requirements for storage of ammonium nitrate to make ammonium nitrate can be from... At 21.6 million tonnes in 2017, abundant, and highly detonable one for adding everything new video depends the! Necessary using the soil test results as a fertiliser why bullets have primers of water soda... Is most commonly prepared by reacting nitric acid and sulfuric acid in equel proprtions in a ceramic and! Water ; heating of the water at once the inside of the ammonium nitrate in an open field, instance!

Crash Nitro Kart Characters, Geraldton Regional Hospital Phone Number, Battle Hunter Iso, First Of Forth, Fox 29 Schedule, When Will It Snow In Ukraine 2020, Loud Bird Videos For Cats, Ieee Journal Template, Pat Dementri Age, Natural Gas Me Buy Or Sell Today, She Persisted Book Read Aloud,