32 As for (AC)the cities of the Levites, the Levites may redeem at any time the houses in the cities they possess. In essence, any sale of land was really a term lease that could last no longer than the next year of jubilee (Lev. 19:29]; Isa. The basic property needed for survival may be protected from seizure. This provided a means for the destitute to raise money (by leasing the land) without depriving the family’s future generations of the means of production. 23:6; Ezek. It shall be your Jubilee, when each of you is to return to his property and to his clan. 26:5, 6; Deut. In most modern societies, people cannot be sold into slavery to pay debts. 36 (AF)Take no interest from him or profit, but (AG)fear your God, that your brother may live beside you. Year of Jubilee (25:8-55) 8 “In addition, you must count off seven Sabbath years, seven sets of seven years, adding up to forty-nine years in all. © 2014 by the Theology of Work Project, Inc. 30 If it is not redeemed within a full year, then the house in the walled city shall belong in perpetuity to the buyer, throughout his generations; (AA)it shall not be released in the jubilee. 54 And if he is not redeemed by these means, then (AY)he and his children with him shall be released in the year of jubilee. Family debt was a reality in ancient times as it is today, and its effects include a frightening list of social ills. 31 But the houses of the villages that have no wall around them shall be classified with the fields of the land. The Foundational Concept of Holiness in Leviticus, Israel’s Sacrificial System (Leviticus 1-10), The Dwelling of God in the Community (Leviticus 1-10), The Whole People of God at Work (Leviticus 1-10), The Significance of the Guilt Offering (Leviticus 6:1-7), The Unclean and the Clean (Leviticus 11-16), The Permissibility of Eating Particular Animals (Leviticus 11), Dealing with Skin Diseases and Mold Infections (Leviticus 13-14), Treating Workers Fairly (Leviticus 19:13), Rights of People with Disabilities (Leviticus 19:14), Loving Your Neighbor as Yourself (Leviticus 19:17-18), The Sabbath Year and the Year of Jubilee (Leviticus 25), Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Jacob Milgrom, Leviticus,: A Book of Ritual and Ethics, A Continental Commentary (Minneapolis: Fortress, 2004), 299-303. Adopted by the Theology of Work Project Board May 28, 2013. 15:12; 1 Kgs. 9 Then you shall sound the loud trumpet on the tenth day of the seventh month. English Standard Version (ESV), Gain a concise, fundamental grasp of what the Bible is all about with our new, Isa. 25 “If your brother becomes poor and sells part of his property, (W)then his nearest redeemer shall come and redeem what his brother has sold. The first stage is depicted in Leviticus 25:25-28. Assuming that the farmer in the previous stage could neither pay on the loan or even support himself and his family, he would become temporarily bound to the household of the creditor. The time he was with his owner shall be (AW)rated as the time of a hired worker. For you are strangers and sojourners with me. It is founded not on merely protecting personal liberty and a bit of property for destitute people, but on ensuring that everyone has access to the means of making a living and escaping multi-generational poverty. 34 But the fields (AD)of pastureland belonging to their cities may not be sold, for that is their possession forever. Leviticus 25. Leviticus 25: Jubilee June 8, 2012 Dillon Burroughs Patheos Explore the world's faith through different perspectives on religion and spirituality! 25:1-7), and a jubilee year, one in every fifty (Lev. [2] The effect of the jubilee was to prevent any family from becoming permanently landless through sale, mortgage or permanent lease of its assigned land. Nonetheless, Leviticus 25 seems to offer a broader foundation than contemporary bankruptcy laws. His act of redeeming his people from Egypt committed him to provide for them on every level because they were his own. It was conceivable, though, that impoverished Israelites might sell themselves as slaves to wealthy resident aliens living in the land (Lev. As the gleaning laws in Leviticus show, the solution is neither handouts nor mass appropriation of property, but social values and structures that give every person an opportunity to work productively. 15 (J)You shall pay your neighbor according to the number of years after the jubilee, and he shall sell to you according to the number of years for crops. 10 And you shall consecrate the fiftieth year, and (C)proclaim liberty throughout the land to all its inhabitants. The jubilee provided a socioeconomic solution to keep the family whole even in the face of economic calamity. At the same time, it calls on the rich to trust that treating creditors compassionately will still yield an adequate return. 15 Corresponding to the number of years after the jubilee, you shall buy from your friend; he is to sell to you according to the number of years of crops. 35:2; 1 Chr. 10 above]; ch. Leviticus 25:1–55 The Sabbath Year 25 w The Lord spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai, saying, 2 “Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, When you come into x the land that I give you, the land shall keep a Sabbath to the . The Year of Jubilee Leviticus 25 8 'And you shall count seven sabbaths of years for yourself, seven times seven years; and the time of the seven sabbaths of years shall be to you forty-nine years. Christopher J. H. Wright, The Mission of God (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2006), 296. 27:24; Num. Leviticus 25 details legislation for the jubilee, the year concluding seven cycles of seven years in which real property returns to its original family allotment. What about the millions of people enslaved or in bonded labor today in situations where anti-slavery laws are not adequately enforced? It is not fully known whether Israel actually observed the jubilee year or the antislavery provisions associated with it (e.g., Lev. Leviticus 25 - ESV: The LORD spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai, saying, "Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, When you come into the land that I give you, the land shall keep a Sabbath to the LORD. 25:39-43). (B)On the Day of Atonement you shall sound the trumpet throughout all your land. One of his brothers may redeem him, 49 or his uncle or his cousin may (AU)redeem him, or a close relative from his clan may redeem him. If not, a near relative could intervene as a “redeemer” who would pay the foreigner according to the number of years left until the jubilee when the impoverished Israelites were to be released. These social and economic conditions no longer exist, and from a biblical point of view, God no longer administers redemption through a single political state. You shall neither sow your field nor prune your vineyar… The point of these rules is that Israelites were never to become slaves to other Israelites. 5 above]; [2 Kgs. According to God’s plan, the land of Canaan was assigned equitably among the people. 25:42-43). 8 “You shall count seven weeks[a] of years, seven times seven years, so that the time of the seven weeks of years shall give you forty-nine years. The jubilee was not about redistribution but restoration. 51 If there are still many years left, he shall pay proportionately for his redemption some of his sale price. 42 For they are (AN)my servants,[c] whom I brought out of the land of Egypt; they shall not be sold as slaves. 45 ‘Then, too, it is out of the sons of the sojourners who live as Leviticus 25 Sabbath Years and the Year of Jubilee 1 And the LORD spake unto Moses in mount Si'nai, saying, 2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye come into the land which I give you, then shall the . 19:9-10), to ensure that everyone had access to the means of production, whether the family farm or simply the fruits of their own labor. 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